Back pain in the lumbar region: causes, what to do and how to treat severe back pain.

Why does my back hurt in the lumbar region

Everyone, sooner or later, faces a problem likelower back pain. According to statistics, more than half of sick leave certificates are issued for this diagnosis.

Causes of back pain

The most likely cause is various diseases of the spine: osteochondrosis, spondyloarthrosis, sciatica. However, there are also other factors:

  • Pathologies of internal organs;
  • Diseases of the kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, urological problems;
  • Excessive load on the spine;
  • Oncological diseases of organs located in the immediate vicinity of the lower back.

Diagnosis for back pain

If alarming symptoms appear, you should immediately see a doctor to rule out life-threatening conditions; They are very rare, but they do happen. Diagnosis involves several stages:

  • Complete blood count and biochemistry - will show the presence/absence of an inflammatory process in the body
  • X-ray - diagnostic - intended to examine the state of the intervertebral discs
  • MRI of the lumbar spine - will allow you to accurately examine the spine, spinal canal and determine the presence of stenosis.
  • Ultrasound is a modern method that allows you to detect diseases without the use of harmful radiation.

According to the results of the investigation, the patient will be offered a consultation with a highly specialized specialist - a neurologist, a vertebrologist or a chiropractor, who will prescribe further treatment.


Treatment for back pain is usually therapeutic. All procedures are carried out only in the area of the source of pain. Surgical intervention is indicated only when there is a real threat to life.

Low back pain in women.

Among the fair sex, back pain is quite common. It can be caused by both disorders of the musculoskeletal system and concomitant diseases, including gynecological ones.


According to statistics, back problems in women are 10% more common than in men. However, the number of requests for medical help (among women) is 5% lower

Causes of back pain in women:

  • Problems with the spine: scoliosis, kyphosis, osteochondrosis, bulges and herniated discs caused by increased loads, sedentary work, hypothermia and genetic predisposition.
  • Periodic female conditions: menopause, menstruation, pregnancy
  • Inflammation of the pelvic organs, diseases of the kidneys and the genitourinary system
  • Rarely - neoplasms in the lumbar spine

Lower back pain in men.

Back problems are the most common disease of the stronger sex. Pain, as a rule, occurs unexpectedly and is accompanied by severe attacks.

Main reasons:

  • The injuries are typical of men who lead an active lifestyle. The consequences of damage may not appear immediately, but after a certain period of time.
  • Inflammation of the muscles - occurs with increased stress, lifting weights, injuries.
  • Spondyloarthrosis: pinched nerve roots in the spinal canal
  • Weight problems: Extra pounds put extra stress on your back, creating constant strain on your muscles
  • Overwork - a long stay in one position - more often the details of professional activity
  • Diseases of the prostate, liver, kidneys.

Low back pain treatment

Modern medicine offers a huge number of ways to treat back pain, both in hospitals, with the help of drugs, and drug-free effects on the affected areas.

Back pain relief with medication

In most cases, with diseases of the back, there is no obvious threat to life. Discomfort is transmitted only by pain, which limits motor activity.

To alleviate the condition are assigned:

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs – these will reduce swelling and pain;
  • Chondroprotectors - to improve the condition of the intervertebral cartilage;
  • Hormonal drugs - used for blockages. They anesthetize quickly and maintain the effect for a longer time;

In addition to injections and tablets, local therapy can be applied - gels and ointments. But, with severe pain, they are ineffective.


Nerve endings pass through the spine, which are responsible for the main functions of our body. Its damage can lead to irreparable consequences. Therefore, the qualifications of the treating physician should not be in doubt. This is the key to your health!

Treatment of back pain with physical therapy

All procedures aimed at relieving pain syndrome and eliminating the causes of its occurrence are prescribed by the doctor based on the results of examinations.

All kinds of (depending on the nature of the disease) types of massage, manual therapy, acupuncture have proven to be very good - a point effect on the source of pain. They relieve stress and accelerate blood flow.


With certain diseases, such as herniated discs, massage is performed under the control of an x-ray or is contraindicated at all!

Physiotherapy exercises, kinesiotherapy also perfectly cope with low back pain. Such treatment consists in the uniform supply of loads to the damaged areas of the back. By relaxing one section of the spine and creating tension in another, an optimal load balance is achieved.

Forced stimulation and heating of muscles are very popular: electrophoresis, UHF, magnet. Such manipulations can be carried out both with the use of anti-inflammatory ointments and gels, and without them.


In the case of confirmed oncological disease or during a period of remission, physiotherapy with the use of forced stimulation is contraindicated.

Keep track of your health, don't get too cold, monitor the charge; this will help prevent the onset of lower back pain. If back problems could not be avoided, don't be afraid to seek qualified help. It is much easier to solve the problem at the initial stage than to deal with a chronic disease.